How to Sister a Deck Joist: A Step-by-Step Guide
Constructing a deck is a great way to add outdoor living space to your home. One of the most important parts of deck construction is the framing. The joists provide the structural support for the deck boards and must be constructed correctly to ensure a safe and strong deck. If your deck joists are not up to code or have rotted or warped over time, you may need to sister them. Sistered joists are two joists that are joined together side-by-side to create a stronger floor joist system. In this article, we will explain how to sister a deck joist and provide a step-by-step guide for completing this task.
What You Will Need
Before you begin the task of sistered joists, you will need to gather the necessary materials and tools. You will need a tape measure, a saw, a hammer, a drill, and lag screws. You will also need a pressure-treated 2×8 or 2×10 lumber for the sistered joists.
Step 1: Measure the Joists
The first step in sistered joists is to measure the existing joist that needs to be replaced or reinforced. Measure from the ledger board of the deck to the end of the joist and make a mark at this measurement on the sistered joist. This mark will be the end of the sistered joist.
Step 2: Cut the Sistered Joists
Once you have measured and marked the sistered joist, you can cut it to the proper length. Make sure that you use a saw that is appropriate for the type of lumber you are using. If you are using a pressure-treated lumber, use a saw blade that is specifically designed for cutting this type of lumber.
Step 3: Attach the Sistered Joists
Once you have cut the sistered joist to the proper length, you can attach it to the existing joist. Use a drill to pre-drill holes in the existing joist and the sistered joist. Use lag screws to attach the sistered joist to the existing joist. Make sure that the screws are long enough to go through both pieces of lumber.
Step 4: Secure the Sistered Joists
Once the sistered joists are attached, you will need to secure them. Use a hammer to drive nails in the three corners of the sistered joist. These nails will provide additional support and help to keep the sistered joist in place.
Sistering joists is an important part of deck construction and renovation. By following this step-by-step guide, you can easily add additional support to your deck joists. Make sure that you use the proper tools and materials to ensure that your sistered joists are properly supported. Once your joists are sistered, your deck will be stronger and more secure